United State. The Artemisa program is led by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), but commercial spaceflight companies are participating, as well as international partners from Europe, Japan, Canada, Brazil, Australia and now the Mexican Space Agency.
The goal of the program is to return to take the man to the moon (a man and a woman), as well as to start measuring the water in the sweet potato for the possibility of human life on the moon and finally to get humans to Mars, starting in 2033.
The Artemis Program will start with the Artemis I mission.
What is the goal of Artemis I?
As mentioned earlier, Artemis I will be a testbed that will lay the foundation for human exploration in deep space, and it will also lay the groundwork for human presence on the Moon and beyond.
but that is not all. During this mission, the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, which is the most powerful in the world, and ground systems will be tested at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, United States.
Interesting facts: During this flight, Orion will fly on the world’s most powerful rocket and will fly farther than any human-made spacecraft. In addition, Orion will stay in space longer than any astronaut spacecraft without docking with a space station.
Now, not to let anything be missing, it will return to Earth faster and hotter than ever before.
The Road of Artemis I
The SLS and Orion rockets will blast off from Launch Complex 39B at NASA’s Spaceport at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The entire vehicle weighs 2,721 tons, and to take off and climb it will produce nearly 4 million kilograms of thrust.
The missile is powered by a pair of five-segment boosters and four RS-25 engines that will be jettisoned upon exit from the atmosphere. Then, the service module panels, launch abort system, and core stage engines will be turned off, and the core stage will separate from the spacecraft.
As they orbit Earth, they will deploy solar arrays and an interim cryogenic propulsion stage (ICPS). The latter will give the Orion spacecraft the necessary boost to leave the orbit of our planet and travel to the Moon.
Orion will then say goodbye to ICPS and deploy a series of small satellites known as CubeSats to conduct various experiments.
To reach the moon, Orion will be powered by a European Special Agency (ESA) service module that will provide the main propulsion system, power for the spacecraft, as well as air and water for astronauts on future missions.
Orion will communicate with Earth through the Deep Space Network.
Getting to the moon is not so fast, it will take a few days, during which time the engineers will evaluate the ship’s systems and, if necessary, correct the course. Orion will travel about 100 kilometers above the surface of the moon and then use the force of gravity to propel the spacecraft into an opposite orbit about 70,000 kilometers from the moon.
On this last orbit, the spacecraft will stay for 6 days to collect data and evaluate the spacecraft’s performance.
On the trip back to Earth, the Orion spacecraft will make a close flyby, within 60 miles of the lunar surface. Taking advantage of the satellite’s gravity, it will fly home.
It will enter our atmosphere at 11 kilometers per second with temperatures of 2760 degrees Celsius to end up off the coast of Baja California.
Will the mission be manned?
Not by human astronauts, but it will carry crew members. NASA announced that Snoopy will travel on this first mission aboard the Orion spacecraft. For its part, the European Space Agency introduced its own astronaut: Sean the Lamb.
And it is that the dolls of these characters, with their beautiful outfits, will not only be used as decorations. They will act as Zero G pointers.
Zero gravity indicators are small objects carried on a spacecraft that provide a visual indication of when the spacecraft has reached zero gravity. That is, when the ship reaches zero gravity when leaving the atmosphere, Snoopy and Sean will begin to float.
There are already plans to land on the moon in 2025
On August 19, NASA identified and revealed 13 candidate lunar landing areas for the Artemis III mission. This mission is expected to be the return of man to the moon.
Lunar regions were carefully selected for their potential scientific interest near the South Pole. Astronauts on this mission will venture into dark regions that have not been explored before.
The regions are:
– Faustini Border A
The summit near Shackleton
– apex delivery
– Extension of the plug tip
— from Gerlache Edge 1
– Edge Gerlache 2
– Grolash – Kocher Massif
– Malabert Massif
– Leibnitz Beta Plateau
– Noble Border 1
– Noble Edge 2
– Amundsen edge
The Artemis III mission will take the first woman and first person of color to the moon.
The four biological investigations aboard Artemis I
As mentioned earlier, in addition to returning to the moon, Project Artemis will begin to study what it takes to survive the extreme conditions of deep space. This with a very futuristic vision of deep space exploration with humans.
The Artemis I crew cabin will contain small biological life forms that are part of NASA’s Biological and Physical Sciences Experiment (BioExpt-01).
These four studies will use model organisms and plant seeds to help answer questions about the factors essential to ensuring crew health on future long-duration missions.
What does it take to thrive in the extreme conditions of deep space?
– NASA in Spanish (@NASA_es) August 25, 2022
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