John Maynard Keynes said of his mentor Alfred Marshall that “A great economist must possess a rare mixture of gifts. He must be a mathematician, historian, statesman, and philosopher. He must understand symbols and speak common words. He must see the particular in terms of the general and touch the abstract and the material in the same journey.” Thought. The present must be studied in light of the past and with a view to the future. No part of human nature or its institutions must be left entirely out of consideration. It must be so far removed from reality as an artist and close to earth as a politician.” The exact description is pertinent because almost none of the successful economists who in 2008 were a professor and creed fulfilled the requirements of Keynesianism, as the Great Crisis demonstrated.
A decade later, a climate emergency and economic exclusion finally challenged neoliberal orthodoxy. New (and old) voices have emerged from their ruins with global platforms advising governments and institutions around the world. Along with Mariana Mazzucato – Tripadvisor for Bill Gates, Pope, and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez – here are some of their main names.
Clichy, France, 1971. The nightmare of France’s financial elite.
His monumental “Capital of the Twenty-first Century” – over two and a half million copies sold worldwide – was consulted like the Bible. Later he would sign “Capital and Ideology” and reassert success.
New York, 1952. 2008 Nobel Prize in Economics.
He is the “influencer” of economists (4.6 million followers on Twitter) and a (liberal) champion of the fight against wealth concentration.
He served as a consultant to the White House, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.
United Kingdom, 1970. Researcher at Oxford University.
His “donut theory” is to stop chasing wealth at the expense of the environment and equity.
United Nations Adviser.
Paris in 1972. Nobel Prize in Economics 2019.
Advise Barack Obama
It takes an empirical approach to alleviating global poverty. Example: increasing childhood vaccination with the incentive to offer packets of lentils.
Gary, Indiana, USA, 1943
2001 Nobel Prize in Economics, Democratic Party Counsellor
One of the main critics of dealing with globalization. He insists that GDP is not a good metric.
Istanbul, Turkey, 1957
Professor of economic policy at Harvard University and global advisor.
His idea is to experiment without fear, with good prior economic analysis and clear controls.
“Future teen idol. Hardcore twitter trailblazer. Infuriatingly humble travel evangelist.”