The United States is preparing to reopen its land and air borders to travelers vaccinated against COVID-19 on Monday, following 20 months of particularly harsh restrictions criticized by Europe or neighboring Mexico and Canada. ending.
Families apart, disrupted business relationships, career ambitions thwarted: a “travel ban imposed by then-President Donald Trump in early 2020”, later ratified by his successor Joe Biden, serves as a testament to the turmoil brought by the pandemic has become a symbol.
Also along the vast Mexican border, many US cities in Texas or California have suffered a strong economic blow and are eagerly waiting for normalcy to return.
Requirements for the crossing
More than thirty countries will be involved in lifting this “travel ban”.
But entry will not be completely free and US officials intend to closely monitor the vaccination status of travelers while the demand for negative COVID tests continues.
For passengers arriving by air, the United States will request, beginning Monday, the installation by airlines of a contact tracking system, in addition to vaccination certificates and a negative test three days before departure.
The restrictions for the land route will be removed in two phases.
As of Monday, people who come into the country for reasons not considered essential, for example family or tourism, will be able to cross the border to Canada or Mexico, as long as they are vaccinated.
Those who do so for compelling reasons, for example truck drivers, will be exempted from this requirement.
But from January the vaccination obligation will apply to all visitors who cross land borders, regardless of their reason for travel.
US health officials have also indicated that all vaccines approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) will be accepted.
At the moment, as per the emergency procedure established by WHO, these are AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer/BioNtech, Indian Covaxin and Chinese Sinopharm and Sinovac vaccines.
But while they are being opened to some, the borders will actually be closed for many Latin Americans, whose countries have little access to vaccines and who until now used to travel to the United States for vaccination as tourists. .
As well as for people who have received vaccines that have not been approved by WHO. Being unable to enter the United States for some time due to immunity from Russian Sputnik V and Chinese cansinos, which were implemented in several Latin American countries, including Argentina and Mexico.
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