The report clarifies that the samples were obtained between 1 February to 15 March 2021.
Epidemiological variants of coronavirus recently found in the country respond to “cases of infection acquired in the community or of unknown origin” and correspond to strains of “United Kingdom, Manaus, Rio de Janeiro and California”According to a report by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of the nation through the PAIS project.
The scientific data, which was distributed by the Department of Science by the Ministry of Health, in its latest report prepared on 297 samples of people infected by SARS-CoV-2 living in the autonomous city of Burns Aires and the province of Buenos Aires Appears. ” There is no history of traveling abroad, and 16 samples of residents in Cordoba related to the re-entry of Argentine tourists, cases received in close contact or in the community. “
The report states that “samples were obtained between February 1 and March 15, 2021” and that “some of the variants 501Y.V1 (United Kingdom), 501Y.V3 (Manaus) and CAL. 20C (California) Known cases.) Do not correspond to persons with no travel history or close contact with passengers. “
It was also explained that, “until now, the combination of mutation trait of 501Y.V2 variant (South Africa) has not been detected”.
Variants of coronoviruses detected in the country from the United Kingdom, Manaus and California
Detailed analysis of each strain
In relation to the United Kingdom, Explained that a combination of this mutation “was found in 16 cases (13 from CABA and 3 from the Western GBA), three of them corresponding to close contact with reported cases, while the other ten correspond to acquisition cases in the community. . ” .
And he said that “six cases were detected in the province of Cordoba, four of which have a travel history and two of which are close contacts.”
Finally, he noted that “an increase in the frequency of UK version detection in AMBA was seen during the last epidemiological week”.
The study warns that “it is important to highlight that if the frequency of detection of this variant increases in the coming weeks, it may become predominant in new infections, as in European countries and the United States.” Happened in. “
Uk edition “It is associated with higher transmission rates (30–90%) than those who have previously been transmitted” and “associated with a higher risk of hospitalization and death.”
About the stress of ManausStated that “three cases were detected in the cab, two having an epidemiological relationship with each other (close contact). In no case is there a history of foreign travel or close contact with a passenger, so they are of unknown origin. Corresponds to the affairs of. “
In Cordoba, six cases were unearthed, one of which had a travel history and the remaining five are close contacts with the latter. “
This variant is associated with higher transmission rates and faster propagation than the first wave variants.
About Ro de Janeiro variant, 35 cases were detected “by complete genome sequencing and phytolenetic analysis. Only one of these had a travel history, and the rest are consistent with cases of community circulation.”
He identified two cases of the California version of the coronovirus strain “from complete genome sequencing, one of them CABA. Another 36 cases, S_L452R / Q mutations, are still under analysis.”
The PAIS project report states that “active monitoring of these variants was carried out by the Argentine Consortium of Genomics of SARS-CoV-2, from the URG through the Serious Nodes of Virology Laboratory of Ricardo Guterres Children’s Hospital (CABA) -INTA laboratory. (Castelar) and the central laboratory of the city of Cradoba.
Finally, it is noted that strengthening health measures to prevent “new cases (physical disturbances, ventilation of the atmosphere, frequent hand washing, use of chintrips) is highly relevant, as long as the vaccine is available to the entire population.” There is not much risk of suffering from availability. Serious illness due to SARS-CoV-2 “.