Finland This Tuesday became the thirty-first A full member of NATO After completing the required application process as a result of Russian invasion of Ukrainewhich means that the country is covered by Article 5 of the Alliance’s Collective Defense.
The US Secretary of State said, “By receiving this Instrument of Ratification, I hereby declare that Finland is the thirty-first Member of NATO,” Anthony Blinkenduring a ceremony at NATO headquarters.
At that event, the Finnish Foreign Minister said, Becca HaavistoHe handed over the last document that was missing to complete his country’s accession process.
With this accession, the European defense and deterrence system was as follows:
Portugal: the area where major NATO and Allied exercises take place.
Spain: It has a defense system for NATO in the sea and air, specifically in the Atlantic Ocean, the Baltic, the Mediterranean Sea and the North. Its collaborators are France, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States.
FranceProvides the Alliance with a powerful navy with a continuous presence in the Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean and North oceans. It cooperates with NATO Permanent Maritime Groups (SNMG1 and 2) as well as NATO Mine Countermeasure Groups (SNMCMG1 and 2) in Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Italy: Works to improve regional understanding and anticipate threats emanating from the south, and is based in the Allied Joint Forces Command in Naples. Its contributors are: 22 Allies making voluntary national contributions and individuals reappointed from JFC Napoli. It is also an area where major exercises of NATO and its allies take place.
Greece, Croatia, Albania, North Macedonia, Slovenia and Montenegro: Like Italy, they work to improve regional understanding and anticipate threats emanating from the south and have NATO naval and air defense systems specifically in the Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean and North.
Bulgaria: It has air surveillance to protect the skies on the eastern wing of the coalition. NATO Response Force. Work with a highly-ready joint task force ready for short-term deployment in a crisis management or collective defense situation.
Türkiye: WACS patrols its mission to provide security in the skies of Eastern Europe before detecting air threats.
Romania: It has air defense to strengthen NATO defenses. It also has air surveillance to protect the airspace of the alliance’s eastern flank, as well as forward presence forces, and eight multinational battle groups (BG) to enhance NATO’s deterrence and defense.
HungaryIt has NATO Force Integration Modules to facilitate the rapid deployment of NATO forces. It also has forward presence forces and a multinational headquarters with 8 multinational battle groups (BGs) to enhance NATO’s deterrence and defense.
SlovakiaIt has air defense to bolster NATO defenses and highly prepared joint mission response forces ready to be deployed at short notice in case of crisis management or collective defense.
Czech Republic: It has AWACS patrols to patrol the skies over Eastern Europe in the morning to detect air threats.
Poland: It has Joint Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance to support decision makers with timely information. In addition to NATO Response Force, Air Defense, Police, AWACS Patrols and Coalition Force Integration Units,
Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and DenmarkThey have amphibious task forces tasked with strengthening NATO’s deterrence and defense at sea and on land. Also offensive carrier groups for naval and air defense of NATO. As well as the Permanent Naval Forces/VJTF (Navy) to provide the Alliance with a naval force with a continuous presence in the Atlantic, Baltic, Mediterranean and Northern Seas.
Norway: Aerial control to protect space on the coalition’s eastern flank.
IcelandIcelandic: It has a peacetime readiness team in Iceland whose mission is to protect Icelandic airspace.
LatviaIt has integration units for NATO forces to facilitate the rapid deployment of its forces and air defense.
Estonia and LithuaniaThey have air control, NATO response forces, and coalition integration units.
(with information from EFE)
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