It’s an idea that has been circulating in the tech world, but is now starting to gain traction as it becomes clear that this government, like the previous government, will end its mandate without structural reform to improve pensions. the President-elect Gabriel Borek She has her own suggestion.
How do you do it now to have results?
Herein lies the idea of generating a new process of social, political and technical dialogue, which was raised more than a year ago by the economist and expert on pension issues. Paula Benavides, begins to make his way. In fact, the local team of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the public space have already systematically organized International experience in social dialogue and the management of social security reforms.
“It is important to start a broad social dialogue and a cross-sectional technical discussion as soon as possible to hone the design of future reform [de pensiones], allowing it to legitimize and sustain over time.” Read in the future government program.
El superintendente of AFP Guillermo Larin, which coordinated programmatic convergence on these matters after the first round, in a program That this proposal “has not been fully resolved” and that there are issues that are “not yet resolved”.
A few days before the poll, economist Guillermo Larrin, who worked with Jasna Provost, said, “We didn’t manage to solve all the points,” for example, “the role of AFP.”
Why new commission
Benavides, who is also a member of Independent Financial Council (CFA)He considers that at this stage of the discussion it is necessary to highlight the issues that have lost their centrality. “We have to realize that pension reforms are technically complex and that good design is necessary, but not sufficient,” he says. It points out that political capacities are also required to implement them and managerial capacities for changes in action.
Added to this is that structural change means a transition that “continues for decades in pensions,” so how this process is carried out over time is “as important as the system of the system.” All this must be seen as a whole, in order to avoid that “the great design later will have no political feasibility or the emergence of unforeseen practical obstacles.”
Most countries tackle this type of challenge with “different types of participatory committees or structures, which allow technical expertise and also a political shield to tackle,” he said. His inclination is to integrate technical, social and political views on pensions and to set an example retirement advisory board FranceAlthough it performs another role, it includes representatives from Congress, the world of work, employers, retirees, experts, and public institutions.
He admits that “by now saying that a new pension commission is needed, many people may feel that it is wasting time, that diagnoses already exist or that it is not necessary”. But he insists that although the road seems long, “without this process we could end up going back to the starting point again, which should be avoided”.
After 10 years of debate, the Netherlands agreed to amend its distribution mechanism. Sweden has one that is self-adjusting and that has resulted in people retiring at an older age.
Perhaps it is time to look for other mechanisms to achieve these agreements [en pensiones]”, says the economist and academic from Adolfo Ibáñez University (UAI) Andrea Repetto. He adds that some countries (such as Spain, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Uruguay) have achieved sustainable changes over time through “committees with a clear mandate, which is to reach agreement, composed of political and civic actors and representatives of workers, businessmen and academics”. Repetto was a member of Gabriel Borek’s advisory council of economists in the final phase of the campaign.
The specialist also warns that if the Universal Guaranteed Pension Project (PGU) is approved, “which also has financing problems, it reduces the possibility of achieving those agreements for greater structural change in the system, while providing greater savings and a collective fund that has A spending design that allows risk sharing in a sustainable way.”
Salvador Valdes, an economist and professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, believes that convening a new state is a “good idea”, but with one condition: “that the new authorities, both the executive and the Congress, demonstrate a public commitment to collecting and these recommendations, which have been made clear, are necessary to avoid harm in connection with the current state of pensions.
Economist Cecilia CifuentesMember of the Pensions Advisory Board and former spokesperson for the Economic Team of Jose Antonio Cast, it is estimated that Pension reform will probably be one of the most important policies of the future government. “We are at a point where there are clear contradictions between the proposals being made. In this sense, I see sympathetically the idea of forming a technical committee that will seek agreements,” he says.
But he notes that it will be important to “emphasize in advance that agreements reached at the technical level must be somewhat more binding on the political world.” Remember that The committee is chaired by the economic expert David Bravo In 2015, he came up with a set of proposals “which the political world has not taken up despite its urgency. It seems to me that repeating the same thing does not make sense.”
Representatives of Kast, Sichel, Provoste and Boric agree on the universal pension, but differ radically about what to do with the additional contribution.
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