Paul Byrne, assistant professor of planetary sciences at North Carolina State University, explained that Focus on science The significance of the new missions that will go to Venus (where NASA is already looking for life), but also for many years we have been dreaming about this planet more than Mars. We dream of visiting and living there. Venus is so close to Earth, and closer than the Red Planet, and it’s as big as Earth, we’re all set to shoot a lot.
Then we found out that its atmosphere is toxic and uninhabitable, consisting of 96.5% carbon dioxide. It’s 470 degrees all the time, at every point on the planet, and in terms of pressure it’s like a kilometer deep in the sea. Then it rains acid. Yes, it’s a more hellish planet than we thought up until now…
We sent many probes to the surface in the 1970s and 1980s (US and Soviet Union) and then never came back (although there are Japanese and European probes in orbit now).
But now we want to go back to Earth and we want to explore it seriously, so we’re looking forward to NASA’s DAVINCI+, Veritas and EnVision missions.
One of the main questions we want to answer is: Why is a planet so similar to ours, so close to Earth and appears to be a twin, so different? One theory is that Venus a few billion years ago could have been like Earth, but then an uncontrolled greenhouse effect, caused by who knows what the event was, reduced the hell it is now (did you know that scientists believe they have discovered 40 active volcanoes there?)
Thanks to these missions, there will be a way to obtain images at an unprecedentedly high resolution, but above all, if it can withstand such a destructive environment, the craft can collect a sample from the Earth.
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