Egyptian archaeologists Who work in the Nile Delta Find out Dozens of rare pre-dynastic tombs dating back to before the emergence of the Pharaonic kingdoms in Egypt More than five thousand years ago.
Beside The graves Close to the later Hyksos period, from 1650 to 1500 BC. C., when immigrants from West Asia seized the country, ending the Middle Kingdom Egypt.
The The graves They include: 68 from the Bhutto period that began around 3300 BC and five from the Naqada III period, which was before the rise of the first dynasty in Egypt around 3100 BC, According to a statement issued by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.
In addition to 37 graves from the time of the Hyksos, Which began with the migration through the Sinai to Egypt around 1800 BC. C.
“This is a very interesting cemetery because it brings together some of the oldest ages Egyptian history With another important time, the time of the Hyksos, Salima Ikram, an Egyptologist at the American University, said The Cairo.
According to the experts, Bhutto tombs They were oval-shaped pits with the bodies placed inside in a squatting position, mainly on the left side with the head pointed west.
- Some tombs from the Naqada period contained cylindrical pear-shaped vessels.
While the The Hyksos tombs It was basically almost rectangular with the bodies lying outstretched with the head facing west as well.
The statement indicated that the mission found a group of ovens and stoves, remnants of mud brick foundations, pots and ceramic amulets, especially beetles, some of which were made of semi-precious stones and similar gems. Earrings. “
The Egyptian They pointed out that “the discoveries in Dakahlia Governorate, north of Cairo, could shed light on two important transitional periods in ancient Egypt.”
“The Egyptian They are working to understand how the Egyptians and the Hyksos lived together and to what extent the predecessors adopted Egyptian traditions, “ Statement notes.
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