Historically, only a few countries It has played an important role in space activities. The United States remains at the forefront of funding, with its civilian space budget twice that of the next closest country, and representing more than 40 percent of the total global budget. But many countries are now intensifying their space activities, and about 70 countries have established national space agencies. Some of them even in the Philippines (2019),
Costa Rica (2021) and Rwanda (2021)
– Somewhat new.
And with the new Latin American and Caribbean Space Agency (ALCE)
By joining the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Asia Pacific Space Agency (APSCO), all regions of the world are now participating. It is likely that more countries will establish space organizations in the future.
Twenty countries on four continents (Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America) have civilian space spending estimated at more than $100 million per year. In addition to this group, many countries with smaller space budgets have chosen specific priorities, and at least 30 of them have recently seen annual budget increases. The interactive map below shows space activities between different countries, including budgets, number of space launches, and active satellites.
Outside the country, private companies are also increasing their space activities. While the United States still has the largest number of space startups, some of the biggest startups are located elsewhere. Recently, the US government has even demonstrated its willingness to acquire goods and services from US subsidiaries to foreign space companies.
As new countries engage in space activities, international cooperation will become more important and some companies have already appeared. To date, 17 countries have joined the United States in signing the Artemis Accords, which are intended to “define a common vision of principles…to create a secure and transparent environment that facilitates research, science, and commercial activity.” for all mankind. . “
Meanwhile, the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUS) of the United Nations Office for Outer Space seeks to “regulate the exploration and use of space for the benefit of all mankind”.
It collaborated with the European Space Agency on the Space Debris Challenge.
Countries need more coordination of space rules as challenges intensify and new ones emerge: for example, the amount of space debris increases, which increases the likelihood of collisions, and the International Space Station is shut down. Other seasons have begun. Meanwhile, continued innovation and rapid progress, along with nations increasing their resources and capabilities, are leading to the development and growth of space.
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