Optical Fiber, Its Types & Reasons Why it Is used Everywhere?
With the world thriving for faster internet connections and trying to find right internet plans, we have reached a kind of saturation point when transferring data through copper wires. To get a faster transfer speed between the network, we have to shift to new technologies known as optical fibre. Optical Fiber is a channel/medium through which the data can travel up to 1 Gbps. What is Optical Fiber? How does it work? Why is it replacing the copper wire? We will discuss all these points in this content. Let us discuss all these points in detail:
What is fibre optic?
An optic fibre is a channel through which data travels, it is made of quartz glass, and data travel in pulses of light through the Fibre strands; thus, the data travels at a speed of light. Data travels about 20 times faster than regular cable at 1 Gbps.
You will be amazed to know that optical fibres are about the diameter of a single human hair. When they are bundled into a fibre-optic cable, they can transmit data over long distances at a very fast speed. They can transmit data over long distances and at a quicker speed. Optic Fiber is not affected by electromagnetic interference as in the case of other metallic wires. But since they are made of optical Fiber, they are very fragile, there is a huge protective layer over the Fiber, but when compared to their metallic counterpart, they are susceptible to breaking.
Types of Optical Fiber
- FTTH or FTTP stands for Fiber to the home or Fiber to the premise. It is the fastest and the most reliable Internet Plans that you can sign up for today.
- FTTC stands for Fiber to the curb, meaning the fibre connections come to the utility pole outside your house but after that, use a coaxial cable that acts as a bottleneck.
- FTTN stands for fibre to the node, meaning that optic Fiber comes near to one mile of your house and uses other channels after that.
Who Can use Optical Fiber?
Fibre internet is something that benefits everyone. It is a newer technology and is way more reliable and faster. Your home might not need a 1 Gbps internet plans, but when you opt for a fibre connection, you will face way fewer outages and faster speeds than a 100 Mbps cable or DSL plan. The other notable benefit is that you get a symmetrical download and upload speed simultaneously. With a DSL connection with a 100Mbps connection, you will have around 10-15 Mbps upload speed, that is not enough. Nowadays, we take a lot of video calls and upload huge files online. In that case, we need a faster upload speed for seamless performance.
Optical fibres have a range of benefits compared to conventional channel modes. If you have to choose between an optical fibre and a wired connection, always prefer an optical fibre connection because of all its benefits over wired connections.
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