The Typology of HEIs

THE Times Higher Education World University Ranking 2018 listed the top 1,000 universities in the world. It is a global university performance table that judge research-intensive universities across their core missions in teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook.

The top universities in the list are University of Oxford (United Kingdom) ranked number 1, followed by University of Cambridge (United Kingdom), California Institute of Technology (United States), Stanford University (United States), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States), Harvard University (United States), Princeton University (United States), Imperial College London (United Kingdom), University of Chicago (United States) and ETH Zurich-Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Switzerland). It is noted that four (4) among these top 10 universities in the world are not university by name.

In the United States, there is no specific differentiation between a college and a university. It is interesting to note that theCalifornia Institute of Technology (CalTech), 3rd in the list and number 1 in the US, is not a university by name. Likewise, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the Imperial College London (ICL) and ETH Zurich-Swiss Federal Institute of Technology are also not university by name.

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings judged the top world class universities through all of their core missions – teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook.

In the Philippines, higher education institutions (HEIs) are categorized into horizontal typology made up of three types, namely, the Professional Institutions, the Colleges and the Universities.

The Professional Institutions develop technical knowledge and skills at the graduate and undergraduate levels which lead to professional practice, e.g., Engineering, Medicine, IT, Management, Teacher Education, Maritime Education among others.

The Colleges develop adults to have the thinking, problem solving, decision making, communication, technical, and social skills to participate in various types of employment, development activities and public discourses, particularly in response to the needs of the communities they serve.

The Universities train the experts in the various technical and disciplinal areas and emphasize the development of new knowledge and skills through research and development. The word “university” is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which means “community of teachers and scholars.”

A university status, being a distinctive honor, is reserved only for truly deserving HEIs that have proven their excellence in the areas of instruction, research and outreach. A university must exhibit a continuing quest for excellence in instruction through the quality of its educational programs, outstanding achievements of its students, and above national average performance in majority of the programs offered requiring government examinations.

A university must maintain a track record of at least three years of high research standards as evidenced by a research program funded by an adequate budgetary allocation and manned by qualified faculty. Results of these researches must be published in refereed journals. A university must have a credible outreach program which may take the form of continuing education, application of research results, community services and the like.

In Western Visayas, there are six (6) state universities and five (5) state colleges with main campuses based in the Region. Four among these 5 state colleges were proposed to become universities. Traditionally, the prestige of a university has great impact in our educational system.

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