Brownsville- After hearing rumors that Central American families with young children were being allowed to enter the United States, Irma Paz left Honduras with her husband and two children and began a two-month trip off the coast of the Rio Grande Of.
They crossed its cold waters and surrendered to immigration authorities, allowing them to remain in the country while processing their asylum applications.
“I thought, ‘Thank God.’ They let us in. “She was waiting at a bus stop in Brownsville with her son and daughter, ages three and five. She planned to go to Oklahoma to live with her father-in-law, bringing the documents in.” Presented with the immigration service at his next hearing.
Meanwhile, in Renosa, a Mexican city on the border with the United States, a woman from El Salvador was soaking up after being expelled along with her eight-year-old daughter. Their circumstances were similar to those of the Paz family, but the reaction they received from the authorities was the exact opposite, which is the result of a mysterious new system imposed by the Biden government, which determines the destination of thousands of migrants who have children. Have reached the border in recent weeks.
The criteria used to accept or reject people are secret. Secretary of National Security Alejandro Mayorkas merely stated that people who show “great weaknesses” are allowed to remain in the country and a possible asylum process.
Facing this lack of concrete definition, people reached the border without knowing what would happen to them.
For Paz, the system gave Tulsa a ticket and a chance to reunite with the family. Roxana Cardosa, on the other hand, was left to her own devices in a violent Mexican town on the border, sleeping in a plaza, without food or money.
The eviction is one of the many challenges the new administration faces at the border as it tries to preserve some of the dismal aspects of Donald Trump’s policies while adopting a more tolerant attitude towards the most vulnerable migrants. The issue could affect efforts to pass a new law that would clear the way for the 11 million immigrants who are without permission to gain citizenship in the country.
Amidst the coronovirus epidemic, the asylum system imposed by the Trump administration is being disproportionately enforced by the Biden administration.
More than seven out of 10 encounters at the border ended in expulsion in February under powers known as “Title 42”, a name that refers to a part of a well-known public health law that the Trump administration spent a year Was implemented earlier.
Biden has not hit Title 42 because he promises it will be “a humanitarian asylum system”. Mexicans, Guatemalans, Hondurans and Salvadorans are usually repatriated to Mexico in two hours, while migrants from other nationalities are held in the United States until they are transported back to their countries by plane , In which there is no possibility of requesting asylum.
Unlike Trump, the Biden administration sends most of the minors on solo trips, assigns them to relatives living in the United States and appoints them for future audiences. About 9,500 minors arrived in February, a 60% increase from the previous month.
Nine out of ten adults caught in February were expelled under Title 42. Mayorkas said last week that the United States only makes exceptions when an adult “shows serious weaknesses,” without elaborating on what that means.
When it comes to entire families, six out of 10 were evicted in February. According to Mayuracas, another element is that Mexico sometimes prevents the return of families. 19,200 arrived in February, double the number from the previous month.
The limitations of space for detaining migrants can affect who has been released and who has not been released to the US, said Theresa Cardinal Brown, administrative director of the Bipartisan Policy Center’s immigration and cross-border policy unit.
The government has a lot of incentives to keep secrecy around its admissions policy.
“It is known that when regulations are issued, migrants decide to come,” said Brown, a former Homeland Security Department official.
Migrants set the system up for testing.
In May 2019, the head of the Border Patrolling Unit, Brian Hastings, saw about 2,000 migrants in the Rio Grande (larger for Americans) area on Thursday, compared to the 1,600 daily daily at the worst of the Trump administration. That area.
Catholic charities in the Rio Bravo Valley received between 150 and 200 family members a day, which were returned by US officials last week, but that number fluctuated, said Norma Pimentel, the group’s executive director nun. Border Patrol issues families with children under six years of age.
One of those families was released Sunday evening in Mecklen, Texas. Joel Lobo, 30, took his four-year-old daughter by hand to cross a busy road. His wife and elder daughter lived in Honduras. His father and sister, who live in Virginia, told him that only people with young children could apply for asylum.
For Rebosa, Lobo said two weeks ago that he was escaping from poverty. They crossed the river and walked the dirt roads before turning themselves towards the Border Patrol. He slept on the ground under a bridge one night while in government custody.
“He’s still mad at me,” Lobo noted to his daughter, Fernanda. He adds that the girl was scared and cold during the trip. “It was all very risky, a very long journey. But now we are relieved.
The future is not very flattering for families returning to Mexico.
Cardosa, 25-year-old Salvadoran with his daughter expelled, waited in a plaza in front of a government building in Renosa, Mexico. On Saturday, Mexican authorities forced him to return to a neighboring park and wait for a possible court appointment.
“I don’t know what the next step is,” he said, looking at dozens of other migrants.
Edrei Rodríguez, a Baptist clergyman who frequents the area where migrants are released by the authorities, some families have come up with false hopes.
“With the change of government, he heard that there were many opportunities here and he decided to come,” he said. “He took a risk. And they do not have a B plan. “