The coronation of Charles III and Queen Camilla this Saturday in London will be an intricate, multi-step ceremony, rooted in tradition but a little modern, after which the UK will see three days of festivities.
– King’s procession –
The day begins with the King’s Parade, a two-kilometre journey through the city centre, from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Abbey.
The royal couple will travel in a modern carriage built for the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 2012, drawn by six Windsor Gray horses and accompanied by members of the royal family’s cavalry.
They will arrive at the church at the start of the ceremony at 11:00 (10:00 GMT).
– Party and guests –
Charles will be crowned at 12:00 local time (11:00 GMT) and the religious service, presided over by the Church of England’s chief clergyman, Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby, will end at 1:00 local time.
About 2,000 people, from foreign leaders and members of the royal family to elected officials and representatives of civil society, will attend.
– to get to know –
The ceremony is much the same for over a thousand years.
The King is first introduced to the faithful, who respond with cries of “God Save King Charles!” Trumpets are sounded after each confession.
– swear –
The Archbishop of Canterbury will administer a “coronational oath” in the form of questions to the King.
The wording has varied over the centuries.
Carlos answers the questions with his hand on the Bible and then says, “I will do what I promised, God help me.”
He would also separately take an oath claiming the King to be a “loyal Protestant”.
– fat –
The King, seated on King Edward’s throne, coronation chair, under a canopy, is “anointed, blessed, and consecrated” by the archbishop.
The consecrated oil is poured from a golden vial and administered with a gilded silver spoon from the 12th century and is the oldest artifact of the Crown Jewels.
Welby said the anointing would be “the only part of the ceremony that the audience won’t see”.
The Coronation Chair was made in 1300. Beneath it is the ‘stone of cake’ or ‘stone of fate’, an ancient symbol of Scottish royalty that was appropriated by King Edward I.
– investment –
After receiving the orb and shocks, which represent the King’s spiritual and temporal powers, St. Edward’s Crown is placed on the King’s head.
Made of solid gold and studded with precious stones, such as rubies and sapphires, this relic is worn only at the coronation of a king.
– install –
The king is sitting on the throne.
Traditionally, the archbishop and heir to the throne, followed by dukes and royal aristocrats, kneel and swear allegiance.
This time around, however, Crown Prince William will be the only royal duke to pay homage to Charles.
Instead of an aristocratic homage, the Archbishop of Canterbury will invite all people wherever they are to watch or listen to swear allegiance to the new monarch, a historic move that seeks to democratize the ceremony but has been heavily criticized.
Camilla will be crowned separately in a similar but simpler ceremony.
– Coronation procession –
The King and Queen will return to Buckingham Palace in a golden carriage, in a grand parade called the Coronation Procession.
The cart was first used in 1762, weighed four tons and would be pulled by an eight-pronged Windsor Gray.
They will be joined by other members of the royal family and about 4,000 soldiers in full uniform.
At the palace, the royal couple will appear on the balcony around 2:15pm local time to welcome an aerial show.
– Long weekend –
Neighborhood parties dubbed the “Grand Coronation Meal” will take place across the UK on Sunday.
At 8:00pm local time, the Windsor Castle venue, west London, will host around 10,000 people for a concert with artists such as Katy Perry, Lionel Richie, Take That and Andrea Bocelli.
Monday was declared a holiday and the royal family invited the British to do volunteer work that day.
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