By: Renelyn L. Labos
SHORTAGE of budget and rise in public utility fare plus inflation of goods, some basic commodities such as rice, groceries, and beverages are the things that brought by an act called TRAIN Law.
Nowadays, we are trying to adjust and strive with the changes that are happening in our society, especially with the effect of TRAIN Law or known as Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Law. According to the Republic Act No.10963 (TRAIN) Law and Department of Finance, it says here that TRAIN allows for a better collection of government revenues to fund projects on infrastructure modernization and human capital formation, all while easing the burden of the average Filipino wage earner. It aims to make the current tax system simpler, fairer, and more efficient. By 2020, it will reduce the poverty rate from 26% to 17% uplifting about 10 million Filipinos from poverty and achieve middle-income status. By 2040, it will eradicate extreme poverty, provide equal opportunities through inclusive economic and political institutions and achieve high income status.
Furthermore, the highlights of TRAIN goes with the income taxes, wherein professionals, self-employed whose annual incomes are P250,000 and below is exempted from the personal income tax. However TRAIN also increases the excise tax on fuel, that’s why rise in public utility jeepney fare can be felt in which could be a big problem to our Filipino commuters. Along with these changes, basic commodities such as rice, groceries, some beverages and canned goods prices also increase. This is a problem to us especially to common people who’s not earning much which sometimes is still not enough for the family, unlike immunity employed individuals and professionals.
One of the benefits of TRAIN will go to the Education, and this is to create more conducive learning environment with the ideal teacher-student ratio. It says that in the next 5 years, the tax reform can fund 629,120 public school classrooms, or 2,685,101 public school teachers. The revenue from the TRAIN will fund priority project to ensure quality education, including free tuition in state universities and colleges.
Agree in the fact that students who want to go to college and universities will now have a free tuition, which will be great because their parents will no longer think about their school fees, instead, they will only focus on providing their everyday needs such as foods, clothes and transportation.
It is a small adjustment yet beneficial to students who have professional and employed parents whose annual incomes are P250,000 and below because they are exempted from the personal income tax, or them trying to limit themselves just to suit in a short budget, and same goes to those students that parents belongs to several sectors such as small vendors, pedicab drivers and construction workers. These are the common people, who can’t afford to go to school and thank God there is this free education for their children.
As a student who depends on free education, all they need is to do well in school, concentrate on lessons, do their assignments and learn, but how come that this students will not be affected by this TRAIN Law? Though, he is enjoying a free education?
The fact is even this student revel in this free education, the other side of their everyday life is affected, and that’s because their family were not equipped with this change of price hikes, especially in their basic commodities and even transportation. In effect, parents will be having a hard time to budget their everyday income just to suit their everyday needs, each member of the family will be limiting one self, “don’t eat this and don’t buy that because it’s too expensive”.
Being a student, it can’t be denied that sometimes they need money for their projects in school, and yet they can’t do because they know that their parents only have enough because their income only suits for their food consumption and immediate necessities. Even their transportation fare and daily school budget would also be a hindrance. Because of that, student will find a way to earn money not only to support their schooling but also to help their parents. What they end up doing is, to have a part-time job, and when he feels comfortable and stable in their job because somehow it could help their family, they will stick to it and decided to forego studying. So what’s the point of having free education if you have nothing to eat and seeing your family suffers from hunger because you can’t afford prices of foods as basic needs and some commodities nowadays?
A good education can only be felt by a student if it does in a full course meal. Wherein, their family can provide whatever they need in order to go to school, with full stomach, where they don’t need to think of walking a kilometers of stumble and stones just to reach school, where they can only focus on lessons in school and get good grades, without thinking of having a part-time job because they knew that doing better in school can mean a lot to their family especially when they graduated and find a good job.
Oh the other hand, the government itself, must see the unhealthy effect of this law to our society, especially to our students and striving people. Yes! It is somehow beneficial to some sectors and in some terms, but in reality there is a huge population of common people who are suffering because of the side effect of this law. (Labos/Ramon Avanceña National Highschool)