London (AP) – Until now, most British and EU citizens have not realized the realities of Brexit. Although the UK left the European Union on 31 January, it follows the bloc’s rules as part of the transition period to new economic relations by the end of this year.
He is all set to change.
On 1 January, Britain develops its new, more distant relations with the European Union after nearly five decades of economic, cultural and social integration.
The change is the most dramatic for Britain’s economy and people since World War II, certainly compared to when the country joined the European Economic Community in 1973.
“This is a huge setback for our economic system and it is going to happen immediately,” said Anand Menon, UK director at The Changing Europe think tank and professor of European politics and foreign affairs at King’s College London.
“Suddenly you wake up in a new world in early January.”
Here are some changes of movement that people will start feeling almost overnight.
What is changing
Even though the number of people traveling between Britain and the European Union of the coronovirus epidemic has declined, the end of freedom of movement since 1 January. The most concrete Brexit result so far would represent.
Under the divorce agreement reached by both parties on 24 December, approximately 1 million British citizens who are legal residents in the European Union will have roughly the same rights as they now have. The same applies to more than 3 million EU citizens living in the UK
But British citizens will no longer have the automatic right to live and work in the European Union, and vice versa. Those who want to settle for crossing the border, have to follow immigration rules and face other red tape like their qualifications are ensured.
The exception is people moving between the UK and Ireland, who have a separate common travel area.
For many people in the European Union, the freedom to travel, study and live anywhere in a 27-country block is one of the most attractive aspects of European integration.
Yet in Britain and parts of Western Europe, there became more skepticism about freedom of movement as many former communist nations of Eastern Europe joined the European Union in 2004 and many of their citizens worked in the UK and other wealthy countries gone. Concern over immigration was a major factor in Britain’s 2016 Brexit vote. On 1 January, the consequences of that decision will become clear for British and European citizens.
What are the new travel rules?
Although traveling for holidays will remain visa-free, British citizens will only be allowed to spend 90 days out of every 180 in the EU, while the UK will allow European citizens to stay for six consecutive months.
For retired British citizens who are accustomed to spending more than three months in their second homes on the Spanish sun-soaked Costa del Sol, the change may come as a shock. British travelers in Europe will also have to spend at least six months on their passports and buy their own travel insurance. Britain will no longer be issued a European Health Insurance Card, which guarantees access to medical care across the block, but the UK says it is setting up a replacement system so that UK visitors and citizens visiting the UK will have Still have medical coverage.
What about pets?
For British citizens accustomed to taking their dog, cat or ferret on holiday to Europe each summer, the situation will become more complicated as Britain will no longer be part of the EU’s pet passport scheme – although the agreement avoided months-long procedures Goes what some feared. UK pet owners will need to microchip and vaccinate their animal against rabies at least 21 days prior to travel, and will be required to obtain an animal health certificate from a veterinarian 10 days prior to departure.
Will be a hassle?
The deal means that British drivers will not need an international driving permit after crossing the channel. British motorists can travel in the EU on their UK licenses and insurance, as long as they provide proof that they have been insured as a “green card”.
What about working?
At the end of the freedom of movement, hiring at all ends of the labor market will have a major impact.
A newly graduated British citizen on vacation in the Greek islands, for example, will not be able to walk up to a beach bar and seek part-time work without the necessary visa. The same applies for European citizens arriving in Britain. They would not be able to operate a sandwich shop like Prata Mangar and would look for work without the necessary documentation.
Larger businesses will also find it more difficult and expensive to hire people from the other side. The deal includes provisions to allow contractors and business travelers to take short-term work trips without visas.
Follow all AP stories about Brexit and British politics at https://apnews.com/Brexit
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