A free and open Indo-Pacific is crucial to a secure and prosperous world, as the region accounts for more than half of the world’s economy.
That is why in September 2021, Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States created a Tripartite Partnership for Increased Security called Aucus (in English). The initiative will enhance each country’s ability to support security and defense interests in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond.
“AUKUS will unite our military, scientists, and industries to maintain and expand our advantage in critical military capabilities and technologies,” President Biden said in announcing the partnership.
“It’s about investing in our greatest strength, our alliances, and modernizing them to better meet the threats of today and tomorrow,” he said.
As part of the AUKUS partnership, Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom will harness each other’s technologies to build nuclear powered submarines for use by Australia and the United Kingdom. And while the submarines will rely on nuclear generators for propulsion, they will not carry nuclear weapons of any kind.
The technology, which has powered US and UK submarines, has a long record of efficiency and reliability. “This technology is proven. It’s safe,” Biden said.
On March 13, the American University of Kosovo Partners announced its mechanism (in English) for Australia to purchase nuclear powered conventionally armed submarines according to AUKUS.
When completed, Australia’s new Sovereign Nuclear Powered Submarine Capability will put Australia in the ranks of other powers already operating nuclear powered submarines in the region, including the United Kingdom, India, France, the People’s Republic of China and Russia.
AUC partners will continue to consult with the International Atomic Energy Agency to establish the highest nonproliferation standards for naval nuclear propulsion.
extend the effect
AUKUS is a component of the United States’ Indo-Pacific Strategy, which defines a shared vision for a free, open, connected, prosperous, secure, and resilient Indo-Pacific.
To advance this vision, the United States works with partners and allies to build bonds and alliances between countries, governments, and communities.
In addition to AUKUS, the United States continues to support:
- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), whose members are Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
- Quadruple Associationquadmade up of the United States, Australia, India and Japan, showing how democracies working together can generate benefits for the region.
- the group “Partners in Blue Pacific(in English), consisting of Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States, which will work with Pacific Partners to expand opportunities.
As President Biden said when the American University in Kosovo was announced in September 2021, the United States will continue to work with partners “around the world to preserve a free and open Indo-Pacific, and to build a future of peace and opportunity for all the people of the region.”
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