the his-hair-it Asking for a record $5 billion in aid this year to secure a future AfghanistanWhich is on the brink of a humanitarian catastrophe.
(Read here: Taliban ban long-haul flights for unaccompanied women)
United State – who precipitated the accelerated withdrawal of military aid from the Taliban’s rise to power – announced the first donation of $308 million. The US relief agency said in a statement that the funds will be mainly allocated to food, sanitation and protection from the harsh winter.
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It’s an emergency solution, but “the reality is that without (that help) there is no future” for Afghanistan, Martin Griffiths, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, warned reporters in Geneva on Monday.
If the country collapses (…) it will witness a much more important mass exodus of people. It will be difficult to displace settlers inside and outside the region.
The UN plan requires $4.4 billion from cooperating countries to fund humanitarian needs The entity said in a statement this year, the highest amount required for a single state.
This amount will provide food and support for agriculture, finance health services, treat malnutrition, provide access to water and sanitation, and provide education.
There are approximately 22 million people, more than half of the Afghan population, in dire need of assistance. In addition, $623 million is added to help 5.7 million Afghan refugees in five neighboring countries, mainly Iran and Pakistan.
Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, warned that “if the country collapses (…) we will witness a much more significant mass migration. It will be difficult to confront this displacement inside and outside the region, because it will not remain within the region.”
The United States has announced its first donation of $308 million for food, health, and protection from the harsh winter, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) said in a statement.
The money raised will not go to the Taliban
Since August, Afghanistan has been under the leadership of the Taliban who took power after overthrowing the government with the support of the international community and the US military for 20 years.
Sanctions imposed to try to pressure radical Islamists to make concessions, especially regarding women’s rights, plunged the country into a severe economic crisis, exacerbated by a multi-year drought.
Griffiths insisted that the funds, which account for a quarter of the country’s official GDP, would not go through Taliban It will be used directly by about 160 NGOs and UN agencies on the ground. And the security situation facilitates distribution, which is the best in recent years, according to Griffiths.
The Security Council’s December decision to provide humanitarian aid for a year, along with goodwill gestures from Washington, helped reassure financial actors paralyzed by fear of opposition to sanctions, which are depriving the country of the cash needed to operate.
Public servants, teachers and health workers have not been paid for months.
The United Nations creates space for dialogue with the Taliban
The international community is looking for an effective way to pressure the Taliban to change the way they treat women, who are now deprived of basic rights achieved during 20 years of struggle.
For this reason, Grandi explained that UN assistance “also creates a space for dialogue with the Taliban of great value.” He insisted, “Our colleagues on the ground talk to them every day, and they certainly talk about accessibility, delivery and needs, but they also talk about women at work, girls in schools, and minority rights.”
“It’s a space we have to preserve,” Grandi added, realizing that it will take time “to move toward stabilization, and who knows, maybe some form of normalization.”
France Press agency
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