EFE.- A total of 6,602 researchers from 70 countries were identified and included in the global list of the world’s most famous and influential scientists in their field, placing the United States at the forefront of this classification and Spain at ninth.
Compiled by scientific and academic data analysis company Clarivate Analytics, the list identifies researchers from around the world who have demonstrated the most impact in their areas of expertise by publishing the most cited articles over the past decade.
The names of “highly cited researchers” (highly cited researchers) are extracted from the publications in the 1% of the most cited papers By field and year of publication in the citation index compiled in the “Web of Science” and identifies research institutions and the countries in which they are located.
Institutions or centers that contribute more researchers to this list are Harvard University (USA); Chinese Academy of Sciences; Stanford University (USA); National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States; Max Planck Society (Germany) or Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United States.
University of California Berkeley (USA) completed this list of the 10 most cited institutions; Tsinghua University (China); University of California, San Diego (USA); and Oxford University (UK).
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The data reveals that The United States is the country with the largest number of these researchers, with 2,622, And although this country tops this ranking for “search impact” — 24% of the articles indexed in the aforementioned site come from this country — that number has declined over the past year.
China ranks second this year on that list, with 935 researchers among the “most cited” researchers, representing 14.2% of the global total.; Data released today reveals that the country has doubled that representation in the past four years.
UK third, with 492 researchers (7.5% of the world); And Australia, with 332 scientists, overtook Germany for fourth on the list. Followed by the Netherlands, Canada, France, Spain and Switzerland.
Hong Kong has increased its number from 60 last year to 79 today, For the first time, they entered the list of the most influential scientists in the world in their fields of research from Bangladesh, Kuwait, Mauritius, Morocco and the Republic of Georgia.
This year’s list includes 24 Nobel laureates, including 5 announced this year: David Julius, University of California, San Francisco (Physiology or Medicine); Ardem Patapoutian, of La Jolla, United States (physiology or medicine); David William Cross Macmillan, Princeton University (Chemistry); David Card from UC Berkeley (Economics); and Guido Empains, Stanford University (Economics).
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